Bharatpur is believed to be a place of mythological importance. It is believed that the Pandavas had spent their 13th year of exile at this place around 3,500 years ago. Archaeologists have found many ancient specimens which are presently kept in the Bharatpur museum.
The place was under the rule of Jats most of the time in the medieval age. Bharatpur region was once a part of Matsya Desh.
In the 17th century, Jats attacked the Mughals of Bharatpur and conquered the place under the leadership of Bhajja Singh and his son Raja Ram. In the 18th century, the power of Jats became strong in the region under Badan Singh and Churaman. In 1721 AD, Churaman was killed by the Mughals, but still they could not restore their rule in the region.
In 1750, Jats defeated the Mughals quite easily. Hence, Mughals pleaded peace from the Jats and acknowledged their power in Bharatpur.
Maharaja Suraj Mal succeeded Badan Singh and played a vital role in increasing the popularity and power of the Jats. There were a lot of forts and palaces built under Suraj Mal’s rule.
Suraj Mal was succeeded by his son Jawahar Singh and realising the Jat power in this region, the British signed a treaty with the Jats in 1818 AD. In 1825, Lord Combermere conquered Lohagarh and eventually, Bharatpur came under the British rule.